In just the past century, life expectancy has increased by over 30 years. With the robber poking a gun on him, Felix was forced to give all the cash collections in exchange for the life of his wife and child Principles governing fear: Reflex actions where the will has no time to intervene.
And antecedent passion does not always destroys voluntariness but diminishes accountability of the resultant act. For example, the object of murder is the taking of an innocent life.
A young man shoots his father after years of being beaten, belittled, sworn at and treated without love Aggravating Circumstance A circumstance that increases the degree of moral good or evil in the act without adding new species of moral good or bad.
Consequent Passion Consequent Passions are direct results of the will which consents to them instead of controlling them eg. An intense anger may lead the person to kill another 2 Kinds of Passion Antecedent Passion those that precede the act, arousing and predisposing the person to do the act.
Susan still continues to pray even if the whole chapel is fast burning into ashes. We cannot talk about goodness and badness of an act if we are dealing with acts of man.
Likewise, conscience is closely related to our participation in the eternal law, first by way of the natural law and also by our understanding of revealed truth. Since the will is constrained, then it is not a moral act which could be evaluated. While a wrong intention can make a morally good act subjectively wrong and cause culpability in the agent, a good intention can never make an objectively evil act to be good.
We are always obliged to follow our conscience, but we are also responsible to form it according to the law.
These circumstances cannot, of course, make an objectively evil action to be good, but they can increase or decrease both moral culpability and the degree of goodness or evil in the act.
Four 4 types of circumstance affecting morality Mitigating or Extenuating Circumstance A circumstance that diminishes the degree of moral good in the act. It is the absence of necessary knowledge which a person in a given situation performing an act ought to have.
Conscience as well includes an act of judgment, and thus it applies not only to the morality of Determinants of morality essay object and intentions of the act, but is closely tied with the particulars of the acts in a given situation or circumstance. Acts of man are: It is the eternal law, which we are created under, that establishes this objective moral order, and we and our actions are, by our very creation, subject to this eternal law.
The second moral determinate is the intention, and this is the purpose or motive for which the agent acts. From this, we get the character of the objective morality. Conscience is closely related to this, as it is a judgment of reason.
A distinction should be made act between an act done with fear from an act done because of fear. At the same time, mortality rates remain much higher in poor countries, with a difference in life expectancy between rich and poor countries of also about 30 years.
Our culpability in this is only known perfectly by God. This, however, has a qualifier. A lack in any of them will, at least in a qualified way, make the morality of the act to be bad. Lack of knowledge or impairment of intellect may affect human act An internal condition or external agent or situation may affect the freedom of the person doing the act An internal condition or external agent or situation may affect the voluntariness or consent of the person doing the act Some acts wherein the doer may not be morally accountable Acts of persons asleep or under hypnosis.
A murderer carried out at night by a killer with a lot of criminal records using powerful weapon Justifying Circumstance A circumstance that shows adequate reason for some acts done. The Motive or Intention The purpose or goal behind the act Asks the question: Mark prays good act that his rival classmate will get low grades intention — praying becomes an evil act A morally good act can receive added goodness with a noble or good intention.
Briefly, it may be said that law, which all law has its foundation in the eternal law, is the norm by which all objective truth is measured.
The who, what, when, and where of actions are bearing on the goodness or otherwise of specific actions. The Circumstance The circumstances are those factors or conditions outside of the act that contribute to increase or diminish the goodness or evil of an action.
Acts done out of fear — eg. However, the subjective nature of us as human may reduce the culpability of our action if we do not know that the object of our action is morally evil. A consequent does lessen but may even increase accountability because the person allows self to be completely controlled by passion 3.
The end does not justify the means. God knows the hearts of men, and men may be said to be judged by their intentions. Even if Felix is afraid to use a gun and it was his first time to shoot a person, he shot the intruder of their house and foiled the robbery attempt.
A criminal raping a 12 year old girl and then murdering her by hitting the head with a huge stone.Determinants of Morality - Download as Word Doc .doc), PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online.
Scribd is the world's largest social reading and publishing site. Explore3/5(2). Below is an essay on "Morality" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples. DETERMINANTS OF MORALITY There are three such determinants of morality, namely the object, the end, and the circumstances.
The three determinants of morality are the Object of the Act (Finis Operis), End of the Agent (Finis Operantis), and Circumstances B1. What are Circumstances Circumstances are the situational factors surrounding the concurrent of the act.
Essays; The Morality of Human Act; The Morality of Human Act. 8 August Human; The Morality of Human Act. or any similar topic specifically for you. Do Not Waste responsible for the act because it implies approval of all the consequences which he/she is aware of.
IV. SPECIFIC DETERMINANTS OF THE MORALITY OF HUMAN ACTS 1. The Act. Determinants of the Historical Decline in Mortality For most of human history, life was properly described in the famous phrase of Thomas Hobbes as “nasty, brutish, and short.” From the dawn of Homo sapiens perhapsyears ago until the ﬁrst agricultural revolution in roughly 10, BCE, world population was about four million people.
The determinants are essential features of morality that point to the rightness or wrongness of an action. It enables us to perceive the specificity of morality. Only human person act for a reason, a purpose, and for an intention or goal because it is only the human persons who are created with the intelligence and the freedom to choose from good and evil.Download